Baños de la encina jaén

Baños de la encina jaén

Campillo de arenas

Ba帽os de la Encina is located in Sierra Morena, next to the swamp of Rumblar聽in the province of Ja茅n, and I advance you that besides a caliphal castle, it has a beautiful church and a hermitage with an impressive baroque chapel.

In a first approach to the attractions of Baños de la Encina, I will tell you that in the Plaza Mayor, nowadays called Plaza de la Constitucion, you will find the Town Hall and the church of San Mateo and some very nice manor houses.

It is curious to see how all the inhabitants of Baños de la Encina have been involved in the conservation of its historical heritage, so that in 1969 it was declared a Historic-Artistic Site.

Commissioned by King Ferdinand III, it has two important access doors, the main one known as Puerta del Perd贸n, in the mannerist style with two coats of arms above it, and the side door in the Gothic Mudjar style, known as Puerta del Sol.

The church has a single nave with 45 meters long and 20 meters high, with a magnificent altarpiece by Francisco de Palma, which was made after the Spanish Civil War, since the previous one was destroyed.

The little centenary

The Plaza Mayor, nowadays called Plaza de la Constitución, presided by a fountain with the image of the Virgen de la Encina, around this square is the Town Hall, the Church of San Mateo and some manor houses. The access is free, open-air space.

The Casa Palacio de los Molina de la Cerda, built in 1724, belonged to a family that belonged to the Holy Inquisition. The facade is of exposed stone, has a linteled doorway flanked by Tuscan columns on a pedestal and three noble coats of arms on the lintel, in the upper body you can see a latticed window. Located in Callejón del Pilar nº 5.

The House of Consumption, in the past this building was used as a tax collection point for the sale of products in the town. Later, it housed the dependencies of the Court, and at the moment it houses an English Academy.

The House of the Marquis of Jabalquinto, its facade is made of stone composed of masonry, on the lintel of the door there is a shield with a cross and plant motifs around it. It is located at 3 Isidoro Bodson Street.

Castillo baños de la encina

«We know the importance of this fair because it can mark a turning point. The aim is to show the province as a quiet and safe destination to take advantage of the revival of the tourism industry and the desire for mobility of the population,» stressed Antonio Las Heras.

«During this day, the towns will worship love and organize various activities with a romantic theme so that both neighbors and visitors can enjoy this celebration in style,» explained the mayor.

What to see in baeza

The excavations that were carried out in the Castle of Burgalimar indicate that most of the urban fabric and the defensive enclosure is from the Almohad period. In the visit we followed the lines of what were the streets and houses of a fortress intended for the provision and training of the troops of the Islamic army.    However, there are also traces of occupation of Burgalimar Castle in the Bronze Age, as the remains of the wall. And also a staircase of the temple of the Roman Phase. And, of course, a part of the Christian period: the citadel and the Torre del Homenaje.

Although most of the urban layout is from the Almohad period (12th century), which we try to imagine from the ashlar walls of the dwellings of these warriors, the starting point of their organization. The interior revolved around a courtyard with rooms, and it is believed that some of them had an upper floor and a stable for the animals. As for the decoration, it seems that it was used in the interior, leaving the exterior more sober.

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